Miroslava Breach,: Fearless Threats

Inst-image-30Inst-image-32Inst-image-33Inst-image-31Miroslava Breach Velduca(1962-2017)was a Mexican investigative journalist and founder of MIR news agency. She is famous for investigative reports about human rights violations, drug trafficking and government corruption. She was one of six journalists killed in Mexico in 2017.
After graduation, she worked for two local newspapers in Los Cabos. In 1997 she joined in La Jornada newspaper as a correspondent. On 4 March 2016, a report by Breach was published in La Jornada, about the infiltration of candidate lists.
She was investigated social issues, such as human right violations, environmental damage in the region, illegal logging, female homicides, forced disappearances and drug trafficking. Her reports are mainly centralized to Chihuahua, a Mexican city.
Breach and family faced death threats from different groups, because of her reports.  In 2016 she reported about the illegal logging of “ Los Salazares” as a result of this report Breach and family received death threats.
On 23rd March 2017, she was shot eight times by a stranger as she droves her car to take her son to school. Her son Carlos was not injured. But Breach died on the way to the hospital. Governor Corral said that Breach had not reported receiving any threats, despite also saying that she had received threats on her life two years prior to her murder. Corral also stated that Breach’s family members were already receiving security from the Mexican state.
Then it founded that the main motive for the killing was likely revenge for Breach’s exposing reports against mayoral candidate  Miguel Salazar, causing him to lose the election. After reporting this story she began to receive death threats.
During the investigation of Breach’s murder, an audio record of Breach speaking to a PAN spokesperson was discovered on the computer of Jasiel Vega Villa, a suspect connected to Breach’s murder. In the tape, the spokesperson demanded to know who is Breach’s source(s) for the 4 March 2016 article that effectively ended candidacy of Miguel Salzar. Breach refused to disclose a source, alleging that she came to her own conclusions.
Breach’s murder came a week after the murder of Veracruz journalist Ricardo Monlui Cabrera and a few weeks after the murder of Cecilio Pineda. In response to the government’s failure to investigate and prosecute these cases, protests spread across Mexico to demand justice for Breach and the other journalists, in the days following Breach’s murder.
On the memory of Breach “Miroslava Breach Award “was established in 2017. It is open to all journalists and researchers from the Caribbean or Latin American nations and all submissions must be written in Spanish.
Salma C

Celebrating Disability is a Unique Ability

Paralympics is giving an international opportunity to disabled people in sports and games. The Paralympics Games are also held once every four years and take place in the same city shortly after each edition of the Olympic Games.
India made its debut at the 1968 Games. In 1972 Summer Paralympics, Germany, India won its first-ever gold medal with a world record in swimming. Muralikant Petkar swam the 50 meters freestyle in a world record time of 37.331 seconds. With this great start, India bagged 12 medals from Paralympics history with 4 gold, 4 silver and 4 bronze.
India @ Rio2016 Paralympics
The latest Paralympics event was Rio2016. India participated in 2016 Paralympics, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. India has sent its largest-ever delegation in the history of Summer Paralympics Games. 19 competitors in 5 sports, (5 men and 3 women).
Devendra Jhajharia, the trump card of the Indian team was the flag bearer in the opening ceremony. It has been India’s best-ever performance in Summer Paralympics with a total of 4 medals. India won 2 gold, 1 silver and 1 bronze. The winners and the wonders of the Indian team were…
Devendra Jhajharia
Devendra Jhajharia, the first Indian Paralympian, who won two gold medals at Paralympics. He bagged his first medal in 2004 Summer Paralympics in Athens, as the second gold medalist for his country.
Devendra bettered his own previous world record in javelin throw of 62.15 meters to a new world record with a throw of 63.37 metres and a gold medal.
This Rajasthani Paralympian is currently employed with Sports Authority of India. The nation honoured him Arjuna Award in 2004, Padma Shri in 2012 and Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna in 2017.
Mariyappan Thangavelu
Mariyappan won the first gold medal in Rio with an impressive jump of 1.89 meters in men’s T-42 event.
Mariyappan born and brought up in Salem district, Tamilnadu. He lost his right leg from knee because of a bus accident. But he says “didn’t see me as different from able-bodied kids. He has a strong faith in his abilities.
Government of India announced Padma Shri and Arjuna Award for his contribution towards sports.
Deepa Malik
The first woman from India to win a medal in Paralympics ever. She won a silver medal at Rio2016. She becomes the lady star in the Indian team. She is currently the world number one in the F-53 category by winning a gold medal in the F-53/54 javelin event at the Para Athletic Grand Prix held in Dubai in 2018
She not only an athlete but also an adventurous person to inspire and wonder for the abled people. She was diagnosed with a spinal tumour. She was still left paralyzed below the waist. Since then Deepa is bound to a wheelchair, but the disability couldn’t cage her spirit.
Planning commission HRD Division nominated Deepa Malik to the working group in the formulation 12th five-year plans (2012-2017) on sports and physical education. And she is the expert consultant for Disability Inclusive Accessible Infrastructure for Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
Varun Singh Bhati
Varun is another winner from jumping pit. He won a bronze medal at 2016 Summer Paralympic Games. He having afflicted by poliomyelitis at his young age. Yet he didn’t put down his hope in athletics. With the great support from the coach Satyanarayana, a former national athlete he caught his dreams.
Bhati was awarded the Arjuna Award on 29 August 2018. He was voted Para-athlete of the Year 2017 at the Times of India Sports Awards.
Tokyo2020 Paralympic
The upcoming Paralympic event in Tokyo2020. India will be participating at the 2020 Summer Paralympics in Tokyo, Japan, from 25 August to 6 September 2020. 8 competitors were participating in archery and shooting. Harvinder Singh, Vivek Chikara, Rakesh Kumar and Shyam Sundar Swami were got selection for archery. Manish Narwal, Deepender Singh, Singh Raj and Avani Lekhara will be participating in the shooting. Currently, the Indian teams were trains in Sports Authority of India Bangalore.

                                                                                                        SALMA C

ASIAN QUEEN OF LONG DISTANCE

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                             PU Chithra is the daughter of agricultural labour Unnikrishnan & Vasantha Kumari, the track and field athlete from Mundur in Kerala’s Palakkad District. She is an Indian middle-distance runner who specializes in the 1500m distance. Chitra was born on June 9, 1995, at Mundur in Palakkad District and is the third of four children of Unnikrishnan and Vasantha Kumari. They are ordinary labourers who do menial jobs to make ends meet. There were times when Chitra’s parents failed to find any work and the family of six survived on leftovers. Some nights she went to bed on an empty stomach, but that did not deter her from waking up at 5.45 am the next day for the physical education class at her government school.

                              In 2011, she won the Gold medal in the 1,500m, 3,000m, 5,000m race and a Bronze in 3km cross country in 56th Indian National School Games Pune Maharashtra. The year 2012 marked her gold win in 1,500m, 3,000m and 5,000m race in the 56th Kerala State School games Trivandrum. She won gold medals at the 2016 South Asian Games and 2017 Asian Championships and a bronze at the 2018 Asian Games. China won a gold medal at the 2019 Doha Asian athletics Championships controversy emerged after the Athletic Federation of India has rejected her entry into the World Athletic Meet 2017 in London which is enforced by PT Usha former Indian athlete. Kerala High Court directed the federations for her inclusion however it was rejected due to cut off time. Chitra received overwhelming support from all sections of the public for her fight against Athletic Federation. She garnered immense adulation and support on social media when despite her spectacular win at Bhuvaneswar she was not included in India’s squad for the London World Championship. The hashtag # support Chitra went viral on Facebook with leading personalities rooting for the metric mile runner including Kerala’s Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan.

                            In 2018 she has been appointed as a senior clerk at the Southern Railway’s Palakkad Division on the basis of her performance of her sporting credentials. Recently she won the gold medal at the 22nd Asian Athletics Championships in Bhuvaneswar in the 1,500 track event clocking in at just over 4 minutes 17 seconds. The same year PU Chitra won the gold medal in the 1500-metre women’s final at the Asian Athletics Championships being held at Doha in Qatar.
Another surprise is that Chitra still does not have an official coach. Teacher Sijin Sir is giving it all up. He is the dreamer of the common man to win an Olympic medal for his student chithra.
Even in the camps, Chitra follows the exercises he gives him over the phone.
No matter how big the competition is, the picture of achievement is all about the support of coached her family. The teacher’s dream is to make an Olympic medal for Chitra. So we can expect more and more achievements from that strong girl.
RAVEENA

JALLIKKETTU


For Tamils, Jallikkettu is a symbol of the wisdom of their civilization. It represents their velour and culture. Eruthazhauvuthal or Manjuvirattal, in general term Jallikkattu is a bull-taming sport practised in Tamilnadu as a part of the Pongal celebration.

This particular traditional practice is conducted on the third day of Pongal festival, on the Mattupongal day .here the Tamil word Mattu means ‘’BULL’’. Mattu Pongal day is dedicated to cattle, for the Tamil people Jallikkattu is not just a leisure sport, it establishes their tradition, it represents their identity, and moreover, Jallikkattu symbolizes a cordial man-animal relationship.

Historical investigations to find out the roots of origin Jallikkattu could reach a conclusion that it is a practice which is almost 2500 years old. Archaeologists could find out cave paintings as old as 2500 years which depicts the picture of a man who takes a bull. The history of Jallikkattu also traces back to the great Indus valley civilization. A seal discovered by historians from Mohanjedaro contains the picture of bull-taming.

Evidence of Jallikkattu can also be seen in Tamil literature too. Tamil literary works such as Silappathikaaram, Kalithogai, Malaipadukadaam contains references related to Jallikkattu.

The word Jallikkattu is believed to be developed from the two Tamil words Sallikkasu and Kettu. The word Sallikkasu means money and Kettu means to tie.
During Jallikkettu a pouch containing money is generally tied to the horns of the bull. Then the bull is released to an arena through a specific narrow gate known as vaadivaasal.
Their male participants try to grab the pouch tied to the horns of a bull by catching the thumbs of the running animal. Their ultimate aim is to hold and secure the pouch without falling in the arena.

Thus it is clear that the derivation of the word Jallikkettu is clearly connected with the nature of the sport. The various types of Jallikkattu practice comprise Vadi Manjuvirattu, Veli virtue and vitamin manjuvirattu. Vadimanjuvirattu is the most common type of Jallikkattu in which a bull is released through a narrow space known as vaadivasal to the arena. In the arena, the contestants try to wrap their hand around the thumb of the bull and also tries to hold it. In this variant of Jallikkettu, only one person is allowed in the arena. Veli virattu is another variant of Jallikkettu common in Madurai. In this practice, the bull is directly released to the arena. The rules of veli virtue areas similar to that of vadimanju virattu.

In Batam manjuvirattu, the bull is tied with a rope and it is free to move without any physical restrictions. A group comprising 7 members has to collect the gift token that is tied to the horns of the bull.

From 2014 Jallikkettu has become one of the major topics of discussion in every mainstream media. In its beginning, it was just a traditional practice observed to preserve the rich Tamil culture. At that time it doesn’t involve any sort of cruelty towards the bull. But nowadays it has become crueller. Jallikkattu lost its cultural significance. At the beginning Tamil people never considered it as competitive sports, it had no winners, and it had no champions. Hence nowadays Jallikkettu became as a competitive sports practice. They forgot its cultural value. Now along with Jallikkettu gambling is common in many parts of Tamilnadu.

During jallikkettu a bull is forced to run away through a mob of people. It results in fatal injuries. Often bulls are being provoked with alcohol, knives etc. Few media have reported that the use of chill powder is common in Tamilnadu to provoke the bull.
In order to prevent these atrocities, animal welfare board of India (AWBI) and people for the ethical treatment of animals (PETA) filed a petition. As a result, the supreme court of India imposed a permanent ban on Jallikkattu on the ground of animal cruelty. In 2017 Tamilnadu witnessed mass demonstrations challenging the supreme court of decision. At the beginning Demonstrators assembled at marina beach in Chennai with posters which challenge the Supreme Court decision. During the next days, the movement could capture the attention of the whole Tamilnadu. It changed into a mass demonstration. The waves of saving Jallikkattu movement started to engulf the whole Tamilnadu. Save Jallikkattu movement got national wide significance with the involvement of students, academicians, political thinkers, cultural activists and Hollywood celebrities. The movement attained several dimensions along with its cultural significance. Tamils considered it as an ideal opportunity to reinforce their Dravidian identity. For them, it was a movement against the authoritarian attitude of the central government. For Tamils as we know politics and films are two inseparable entities. Protest against the ban on Jallikkattu could acquire the support of whole Tamilnadu with the active participation of their favourite film personals. Due to the statewide protests, the Tamilnadu governor issued an ordinance on January 27, 2017, which allows the continuation of Jallikkettu events.

On January 23, 2017, Tamilnadu government passed a bill which eliminates Jallikkettu from the preventions of cruelty on animals act. Thus Jallikkettu got legal approval. Debates regarding the legal approval of jallikkettu are still going on. The supporter of Jallikkettu argues that the Supreme Court doesn’t have the right to interfere in a traditional practice which is almost 2500 years old. Their cultural sentiments should be protected. At the same time, it should be also conducted with the protection of animals and human being.
THANSEEM NK

കല പ്രതിരോധമാണ് ആവിഷ്കാരമാണ് പോരാട്ടമാണ്

നസീഫ് റഹ്മാന്‍ ചെറൂപ്പ

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കാശ്മീരിന്റെ പ്രശ്നങ്ങളെയും അതിനോടുള്ള ഒരു പറ്റം കാശ്മീരി ചെറുപ്പക്കാരുടെ പ്രധിഷേധവുമാണ് IN THE SHADE OF FALLEN CHINAR. വീണു കിടക്കുന്ന ഒരു ചിന്നാർ മരത്തിനരികിൽ ഒത്തുചേരുന്ന ഒരു പറ്റം കലാകാരമാരും നിലവിലെ സാഹചര്യത്തോട് നിരന്തരം കലഹിക്കാനുള്ള അവരുടെ ശ്രമങ്ങളെയുമാണ് സംവിധായകൻ ഈ ചിത്രത്തിലൂടെ വരച്ചിടുന്നത്.

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IN THE SHADE OF FALLEN CHINAR എന്ന ടൈറ്റിലിൽ തന്നെ സംവിധായകൻ തന്റെ ആശയം പങ്കുവെക്കുന്നുണ്ട് കാശ്മീരിന്റെ സമൃദ്ധിയുടെ അടയാളമായ ചിന്നാർ മരങ്ങളുടെ വീഴ്ചയാണ് ഇതിൽ കേന്ദ്രബിന്ദുവായി അവതരിപ്പിക്കുന്നത്. പ്രതാപം നഷ്ട്ടപെട്ട കാശ്മീരാണ് ഇന്നത്തെ കശ്മീർ എന്ന് അത് ഓർമ്മ പെടുത്തുന്നു, എന്നാൽ അത്തരത്തിലൊരു സ്ഥലത്തെ തങ്ങളുടെ പ്രതിഷേധ പ്രതിരോധ ഭൂമിയാക്കുകയാണ് ഒരു പറ്റം കലാകാരൻമാരായ യുവാക്കൾ. ഈ കൂട്ടായ്മയിൽ ചിത്രകാരൻമാരും സംഗീതജ്ഞരും പാട്ടുകാരും സാഹിത്യകാരും ഫോട്ടോഗ്രാഫർമ്മാരുമെല്ലാം ഒത്തു ചേരുന്നു. ഇത് കലയുടെ സമ്മിശ്രപ്രതിരോധം തീർക്കുന്നു. അവരുടെ പ്രശ്നങ്ങളും ബുദ്ധിമുട്ടുകളും കലയിലൂടെ ആവിഷ്‌കരിച്ചു നിർവൃതി നേടാനും വേറിട്ടൊരു പ്രതിഷേധം കായ്ച്ചവെക്കാനും ആ യുവത ശ്രമിക്കുന്നുണ്ട് സാധാരണ ഡോക്യൂമെന്ററി സ്റ്റൈലിൽ നിന്ന് മാറി കൂടുതൽ പാട്ടുകളും റാപ്പ് മ്യൂസിക്കും ഇതിൽ ഉപയോഗിച്ചിട്ടുണ്ട് അത് കൊണ്ട് തന്നെ ചിത്രത്തിന്റെ അവതരണം വളരെ ഹൃദ്യമാണ്. നിലവിൽ ഉള്ള വ്യവസ്ഥയോട് നിരന്തരം കലഹിക്കുന്നവരെ കുറിച്ച് ഡോക്യുമെന്ററി സംസാരിക്കുമ്പോൾ അതിന്റെ വിഷ്വലുകൾ അതിനോട് നീതി പുലർത്തുന്നുണ്ട്. കാശ്മീരിന്റെ ക്രിയാത്മക മുഖമാണ് ഈ ചിത്രം തുറന്നു കാട്ടുന്നത്. ഫാസിൽ എൻ സി യും ഷോൺ സെബാസ്റ്റ്യനും ചേർന്ന് വളരെ നല്ല രീതിയിൽ ആണ് ചിത്രം അനേച്ചൊരുക്കിയിരിക്കുന്നത്. വിഷ്വലുകളെ വളരെ അടുക്കും ചിട്ടയോടെയുമാണ് അപ്പു എൻ ഭട്ടതിരി ക്രമീകരിച്ചിരിക്കുന്നത്. ചിത്രത്തിന് അലി സാഫുദീന്റെ സംഗീതം പ്രത്യേക അനുഭൂതി സമ്മാനിക്കുന്നുണ്ട്. തികച്ചും വ്യത്യസ്തമായ രീതിയിലാണ് ഫാസിൽ ഈ ചിത്രത്തിന് ക്യാമറ ചലിപ്പിച്ചിരിക്കുന്നത് മുഅസ്സം ഭട്ട് ന്റെ റാപ്പ് music ചിത്രത്തിന് പ്രതിരോധ താളം നല്കുന്നുണ്ട്

The song of fallen chinar which was sung by the poets

Adarsh Gautam

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Everyone wants Kashmir but no one wants Kashmiris.
Aren’t I a miracle? A seed that survived the slaughter & slaughters to come.
I think I believe in freedom I just don’t know where it is.
I think I believe in home, I just don’t know where to look.
By Fatimah Asghar,

“In the shade of fallen chinar” and “poets of the past ” shows us extreme and the helpless situation of Kashmir. The youth of the valley joins at the valley of a fallen chinar which was a symbol of Kashmir but now they are under a fallen chinar. that chinar shows us the life-threatening, and conflicts of Kashmir. Under the shade of this chinar, they discuss the conflicts and current situation of Kashmir. They discuss the conflicts through there art, music, paint etc. They say that art is the best tool to show there protest against the dispute. The director of the documentary Fazil Ac had shown the situation is perfect and pure form. He is also shown the documentary in a peaceful manner.
The distant meadows are in bloom.
Have you not heard my call?
Flowers bloom on mountain lakes
Come, let us ascend these meadows now
The lilac blooms in distant woods
Have you not heard my call? _ Habba Khatoon
“The poets of the past” shows us how the poets of last centuries sung the situation and unsafe situation of Kashmir through there powerful words. But they also show the natural beauty also in a perfect manner. The poets had used amazing words and synonyms to make their poem more beautiful. The documentary also shows us how the people have inspired others in their unique spine and they inspire them in different ways. In the scenes, the director breaks the traditional shooting of the documentary.
“My nature is freedom your habit my freedom, equality, oneness and peace, labour, love prosperous earth. For these virtues, dear me hold the mean of heart good and hold”.
Abdul Ahad Azad
I was free now I have chained but freedom has been taken away from me.
These show us how innocent Kashmiri people are suffering for freedom and peace in their daily existence.

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In the climax says that the fight against the conflict should come from there inner wisdom. Overall the documentary was the best experience and shows us how the people don’t care or bother about the conflict in there surrounding and in there own life

Together we can Beat Air Pollution

Salma C.

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How much of us think about a situation of buying an oxygen cylinder for breathing, like we buy bottled water for drinking.

Environment day 2019, came with the slogan Beat Air Pollution. This year’s Environment day was hosted by China, invited us all to beat air pollution, by considering about how we reduce the air pollution, and global warming and its effects on our own health.

In Indian contest air pollution is the most disturbing issue in all way. 13 of the world’s 20 cities with the highest annual levels of air pollution are in India. In urban areas most emissions come from vehicles and industries, where as in rural area, root of the pollution is the biomass burning for cooking and the waste burning. Dust and construction contribute about 45% to the air pollution in India.

What is the condition of the air in our capital city? Previous year Delhi faced a harmful situation of air pollution with smog in atmosphere, it prevents not only the smooth breathing but also the sight of our eyes. Motor vehicle emission is one of causes of poor air quality. And Badurpur thermal power station, a coal fired power plant built in 1973 is another major source of air pollution in Delhi. In spite of producing 8% of the electric power it produces 80% to 90% of the pollutants. Burning wood, cow dung and coal for cooking, crop residue burning and fire in Bhalswa land fill etc. also causes to air pollution in Delhi.

2.2 million children were suffering from lung damage in Delhi. And research shows that pollution can lower immune system and increase the risk of cancer. This harmful situation makes the odd-even rule in Delhi. In this rule private vehicles will be allowed to run across city based on their registration numbers. This scheme has been used by different cities across globe to deal with the air pollution. It attempts to control the number of vehicles on the road on the basis of the number plate, it help to reduce vehicle emission with a limit.

India has a low per-capita emissions of greenhouse gases. But in 2013, a study among the non-smokers has found that Indians have 30% lower lung function than Europeans. The poor waste management system in India mainly causes to air pollution in India. Burning non organic trashes emit CFC and benzene etc. to the air. It causes cancer.

Air (prevention and control of pollution) Act passed in 1981 to regulate air pollution and there are some measurable improvements. After the Delhi issue, many rules and regulations were launched to reduce the private vehicles, reduction in households using solid fuel for cooking etc.

Sometimes we can’t even see it, but air pollution is everywhere. We think air pollution doesn’t affect us. We aren’t living in such a big industrial cities surrounded with smog. Statistically air pollution is the reason to 1 in 9 deaths.

We can’t live without breathing. Hence we have to protect our air. We ourselves are the reason for air pollution. So, we should be the one who find a solution for it, through some of our actions. Composting waste, recycling non organic trash, reusing plastics, never burn trash are some ways to reduce air pollution. Using public vehicles, heating systems for cooking, turning off lights and electronics not in use, using roof solar panels, and adopting national air quality standards that meet WHO guidelines for a better air and better tomorrow.

Hands off our western ghats.

Vyshna Priya T.

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“Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s needs, but not every man’s greed”. The words of Mahatma Gandhi. Man is so much greedy. Man’s greed never ends.

               Because of man’s greed, nature reached at its end of life. Man started to eat the mother earth. A life without oxygen cylinder and water tank is not possible. The vanishing of Western Ghats decreased the level of rain, and then probably the scarcity of water will be there.  Industrialization increased Water pollution, air pollution, soil pollution etc. People are destroying everything without limit.

        Kerala is the gift of Western Ghats. But now where is the Western Ghats? All are cleaning up by the man. Western Ghats are the chain of towering mountains including winding rivers, lakes, open grasslands, dense forests, oceans, water falls, birds, animals etc. Western Ghats are the most bio diverse place in the world. It starts from Maharashtra to Kanyakumari. It is also considered as one of world’s eight hot spots. Because it consists of variety of Bird species, Animal species and plant species which can be only able to see in Western Ghats. So that Western Ghats are rich biosphere which spread among the whole world. Most of the people unaware about the importance of Western Ghats. In this era Western Ghats are vanishing day by day. In olden days man lived as a part of nature. What nature gives to them are the assets. They lived by using that what nature gives. But now it changed nature is controlled by man.

             Forest and Western Ghats are the shelter and shade of animals. Foods for them are given by the forest. When man destroy their world probably animals like tigers, elephant etc. will move to human inhabited area and they began to attack us.

             Man started mining in Western Ghats for stone and marble, cutting down trees, use of pesticides cause the death of small animals and pollution etc changed the ecological balance. Flood which we faced last year is the apt example for this. Mining and cutting trees increased in Western Ghats so that water storage capacity of the hills decreased then it became as flood and mountain eruption.

    We all know Western Ghats are giving us rain. When it began to line up the level of rain decreased. It caused drought many where. The latest news we heard that in Chennai there was no rain for last 195 Days and so that whole rivers, well, water sources became dry and another news that U.A.E. building a man- made artificial mountain to get maximum rainfall in the country by investing $400,000(Million) and in china there is high demand for Canadian bottled air for breathing.  Oxygen is now selling inside a bottle because once china became a smog chocked city without fresh air to breath. The pollution in India is more than in China. Our fresh air sources are disappearing. We can expect, in future Vitality air bottle will be in our hands here ever after. Because the company is offering their product to residents in Delhi and India. We will suck up air by the cost of Rupees 12.50 for one breath using air bottle.

       This all are because of the destroying Western Ghats and nature. To protect environment and Western Ghats the Ministry of environment and forest of India had appointed an expert panel named Gadgil commission, which Chaired by Ecologist professor Madhav Gadgil. Gadgil report was a most comprehensive initiative to protect Kerala, to sustain Kerala environment for a long period and pointed of all those extremely dangerous signs of Western Ghats. In Gadgil report, the problems of Western Ghats and its precautions where included but the people including farmers got many misinformation s on the report and they strongly protested the implementation of the report. Gadgil report was an environmental friendly report. The report recommended that there should be complete ban on mining, development of townships, constructions, hydroelectric projects, use of pesticides etc.

     No one was there who supports this report. Because of the protest government appointed Kasthurirangan panel which set up to study the Gadgil report on Western Ghats. Gadgil report had never got a support from state government. They also opposed the report.

       Gadgil seeks to bring 64%western Ghat under ecological sensitive area but in Kasthurirangan it is only 37%.Now also the protests and report workings are ongoing.

   In Western Ghats there were biological species which can only able to see in that area. By mining, construction and bad practices they are destroying. Wayanad is a rich biosphere of western ghat area. There by cutting down trees and by line up hills a Cricket stadium was constructed. What is the use of constructing a stadium in such an area? In Western Ghats ecological hazardous constructions need to be prohibited. Like Amazon forest Western Ghats are also a biosphere with hills, mountains, lakes, different species of animals, birds. Many rivers are originated from Western Ghats. So Western Ghats should be protected.

   Human have destroyed a tenth of earth’s wildness in 25 years and destroyed fifty of earth’s Western Ghats. Each day hill and mountains are vanishing. World is at the end of its life.

        Sonnen Berge once said that; “Lessons in life will be repeated until they are learned”. Nature doesn’t need people, people need nature to survive.

From a notorious hunter to a passionate animal protector: life of Baiju K Vasudhev

Sumayya Jasmine M.

sumayya

Baiju k Vasudhev was a an environmental activist and ace wildlife photographer. He was considered a sentinel of the pristine Athrippally forest which remains a hot spot for bio diversity in south India. He died on 16  June  following an accident at his home. Baiju spent the last few year as a caring and compassionate guardian of the birds and animals of the forest, located in a crucial portion of the Wetern Ghats.

Baiju born and brought up in Athirappilly, He used to explore the forests since he was 10. Soon after completing his schooling, he started engaging with a local gang of hunters who targeted wild boars and deer.

But a chance meeting with then Divisional Forest Officer Induchoodan in 1988 changed his life. A kind and compassionate officer, Induchoodan showed Baiju the need to protect and preserve his natural surroundings. He also helped Baiju learn photography, after which Baiju became a popular wildlife photographer in Kerala.

Baiju also worked with the Forest department to conduct awareness programs for people visiting Athirappilly and Vazhachal. Once upon time i was visited Athirappally from college he tooke classs about biodiversity of Athirappally and importance of protection to these like green spots. He know very well all about Malakkappara. He know each and every flora and fauna there.
Baiju had taken care of many animals in distress in his own locality, including a deer that had swallowed 5 kg of plastic nine years ago and over two dozen different animals that suffered serious burn injuries in a disastrous forest fire in early 2018.
When the wildfires were blazing through Athirappilly, Baiju used Facebook to summon 85 volunteers from all over the state to help douse the fires. Along with the Forest department, they were able to extinguish the fire in 24 hours.
Recently, Baiju started a foundation to open an eco-friendly tribal school, predominantly for children from the Kadar community. He envisioned training the children in environmental protection in an effort to preserve Athirappilly forest. An informal source of forest knowledge, Baiju was also a visiting faculty member at Kerala Agricultural University’s College of Forestry.

ACTIVISM

Between Kerala’s Chalakudy town and Tamil Nadu’s emerging hill station Valparai, the long stretches of forest remain a rare green experience. This is despite four decades of organised attempts to build a hydel project in the local river, which would kill the majestic Athirappilly waterfalls while also causing irreparable damage to the region’s flora and fauna.
The most vulnerable victims of the controversial project, which is still under active consideration by the Kerala government, are the forest-dwelling Kadar tribal community and the region’s huge hornbill population. He  was there forefront of agitations whenever successive governments batted for the hydel project and also in Shandhi forest protest against KSEB
But thousands of young Keralites remember Baiju for a specific incident: the way he had protected a female hornbill and its hatchling from starvation, after the male hornbill was killed by a speeding vehicle on a forest path last year. Videos of Baiju climbing a huge tree every day to feed the hornbill family went viral last year, winning him many fans.

People on trips to Vazhachal and Athirappilly used to meet Baiju to share their appreciation for his act of kindness and his love for wild animals in distress.