‘CAMERA AND ETHICS’ In Conversation with Emily Garthwaite

On world photography day 2020, SIAS MEDIA SCHOOL and SIAS SCIENCE CLUB in collaboration with IQAC hosted an enlightening International Panel discussion on ‘CAMERA and ETHICS’ in which Ms. Emily Garthwaite, a famous photojournalist was the invited chief guest. The panel was comprised of Ms. Emily Garthwaite, Mr. Muhammed Noushad, Ms. Shahida A, Dr. Shonima Govindan and Ms. Husna Latheef.

Emily Garthwaite

In conversation with Emily Garthwaite:

Emily Garthwaite is an award-winning photojournalist,  Forbes 30 Under 30 and Leica Ambassador focusing on humanitarian and environmental issues. She has a Masters in Photojournalism and Documentary Photography from the University of Westminster and is the Founder of WomenTranslate. She has walked over 500km through Iraq documenting positive stories of resilience and empowerment and co-directed The 40th Day, a documentary covering Arbaeen, the world’s largest annual pilgrimage through Iraq.

On beginning of her Photography Journey:

I started photography when I was about 15 years old. But I would say I really began that journey properly when I was around 22. And I think for any creative person there will be many exciting up and downs all along their journey. That’s how it started.

On her much acclaimed Photo of Elephant from Varansi:

Well, I visited India a lot now. But during my first visit, my family had such a great time in North East India. My grandmother always wanted to be buried in India and so I took her ashes and carried across India from Mumbai to the North East. And when I was there in Varanasi, I saw an elephant been taken down through the streets for hours. It was pretty clear that the elephant was in huge amount of distress. It was a common practice across for ages. Sadly something that I have seen before but not on this scale. There were fireworks, drum processions and it is good luck to pull on the trunk and tail. The elephant was in so much distress and right at the end when everyone had left and handful of us were sitting on the other side, I took this photograph. It was a very very quiet image of an elephant recovering from hours and hours of trauma. I submitted this image to wildlife photography competition and it became finalist. I believe it went to India as well as toured across the world through exhibitions. It is really important that elephants had to be protected and loved in India.

This image was selected for the wildlife photography

On her ‘hybrid’ kind of photography which mixed Street photography with Wildlife:

It think we are incredibly binary with photography. We think you can be a wild life photographer or fashion photographer and wedding photographer or documentary photographer. These differentiation in terminology like documentary photography, press journalism, editorial or storytelling – when you start adding these layers of complications, it means you are not really able to explore every single avenue. What I have really loved in my career so far is the ability to cover all these things. So I can be a wildlife photographer or street photographer and do documentary projects or photojournalism. And I would really like to encourage that in any photographer. I started working with fashion photographers, as an assistant. It was important for me to have that focus on fashion and through it, I discovered photo journalism and street photography as well. Im sure anyone who takes photographs will have some ‘drew in’ factor. India has got some of the best street photographers in the world and I have been lucky to meet a handful of them. They are so fantastic.

On her visit to Karbala:

Well, I think it is really important to make clear that everyone is welcomed there (specifically walked by shia muslims). The pilgrimage is encompassed by people and no matter whether you are christian or you dont follow any religion. Essentially it is a walk of peace and I think the more diverse voices and religions be, it would become more better; so I really encourage anyone who is from different faith to experience it certainly at the times of immense divides in India. I have walked it twice and I have been in Karbala and in Naja for Maharam for the past three years. So I had a very intense experience of Barak as you can imagine because – walking with around 25 million people – and I have always seen Iraq as a busy place even though thats not entirely the case (laughs).

On her visit to Iraq and Middle East countries apart from all the prevailing stereotypes:

I think every single country has its own sort of PR machine and we look at the US – how they tells their history and stories. When we see the media reporting from Middle East they tend to pander to certain narrative and ultimately it is about maintaining the perception that the Middle East is in constant conflict. Like the place is just being bombed, deserted and there is a total lack of education. As a consumer of the news and having not been to the Middle East until my mid-20s, I definitely fall into that category who believed it. I was really nervous before I arrived in Iraq in 2017. Then it was sort of going against all of my senses because I had been brought up to believe Iraq as such a dangerous place. (Thats quiet an extreme example for the majority of people wont have a chance to visit.) I felt it is a huge responsibility to talk about Iraq, celebrate the beauty and show it to the world. I would say majority of my works really comes focussing on Iraq.

On people’s reaction (who might be subjected to Islamophobia) about her photographs and exhibitions:

I think there is very important differentiation between Islamophobia and hate crime. And I feel everything sorted gets lumped with Islamophobia.This isn’t a phobia. Treatment of muslims as you see around the world isn’t just Islamophobia. It is targeted genocide (In China as well).  So I would like to make it clear that I have read the reports and had seen the language, prejudice that exists in India which has very different levels; certainly hate crimes are involved. When you look at the two seperate bills, the CAB and NRC – I think the way that Islamophobia is allowed to manifest is very much through the media. I think we are really seeing a sort of single state mind for a lot of countries now-a-days.

I can’t actually convince someone. People have very preset ideas. I think people puts their frustration and anger onto other communities. The Middle East is unbelievably diverse. It has got so many religions and faith but the perception about it very reductive. It is always Muslims or Arabs – thats normally the only way other people perceive it. I think deconstructing those perceptions about Muslim communities is really important (same for the Middle East). I wont be able to change people’s mind. But I know someone who sees my work might feel empowered to take up that responsibility for activism. I cannot force my opinion on others but I want people to know that there is another story and that will inspire others to seek out more information and may be dismantle some of the misconceptions about India or Thailand or Australia or wherever it be.

On Indian Perspective of Islamophobia:

I look up onto indian politics and have been following it since what happened last year. I am trying to spread the word as much as possible . And it’s incredibly difficult to gauge what is actually happening because the reporting is so conflicting. And the opinions are also conflicting. People are pretty much against whatever you are sharing and I have felt so blacklisted because I have been called as an apologist or brainwashed or whatever maybe highlighting on what is  happening to muslims in india. So as a foreigner, something I would say is that it’s always inappropriate to comment on anything that has been created as a mess. You are indian,  you have no right to have an opinion on it. Globally we talk about it and just to make sure that the narrative and the truth of the matter doesn’t get lost. I mean I participated in sharing the video of a mosque being burnt down in delhi. And it took a lot of verifying on the video since people who have witnessed it said it didn’t happen. There is this collective viewpoint, which reflects poorly on certain communities and others. But I shared this video and the abuse I got for it was astonishing in a way that I have never had for critique in my own government. I have lots of worries on what they are doing. And I have studied about Indian and Iraq politics and it was really scary because people couldn’t see the reality of it and how it impacted their belief system. So there is a lot of separation in that, you know, you can be muslim or hindu and still can be impacted by the treatment of other faiths. It doesn’t have to implicate you. But I think there’s a lot of things how the news is reported and it’s very much like us and them on a very clear tactic. BJP have done a lot to instill that.

On encouraging Women to work as Translators:

It actually happens because I had a job in India and we were doing a story about the dalit community and the lack of justice particularly women who suffers sexual violence. So we were interviewing women who were ready to come forward and share their stories. And on one of the days we had to have a translator and it was a male translator. I was astonished that a man was going to be in that room with a small group of women translating the voice of a woman who is a sexual abuse survivor. I then requested, because I simply cannot have a man in this room. And the woman we were interviewing said that it’s okay to have him there. I said it’s not okay. We can’t have a man telling you the story and it’s incredibly difficult for her. It took a very long time for her to come out and it was a very important moment for her. It shouldn’t be a man who is translating that. I have been in a number of situations like that where we have been able to find a woman. But most of the time when you have to find a woman to translate, you have to go through men. Then the men will say that she is probably no good because of lack of experience. But actually they aren’t allowed her to have that experience. So I started to do a bit of research. It was essential that when I am interviewing a woman and it’s incredibly sensitive  there must be a women to translate what the victim is saying. Only a woman can understand the feeling with which she is saying. So that’s how I started and partnered up with these two incredibly amazing women from Najaf, Iraq. They run something called kepa and then we just started reaching out to people connecting them and kind of consulting and sharing the work of other women translators just to make sure that it’s recognised that we are capable of doing that job in terms of certain countries are experiencing conflicts. It’s a fantastic job for women to do because she can do it from home and she can do it from online. Lots of these translations don’t require to be in person. This is a fantastic way for a woman to work from home and earn her own income. We have just started in the middle East. I imagine we will be doing that for the most. I don’t think we will be diversifying anytime soon. It’s a very long and complicated process. The way the payment schemes are done, since most of them don’t have bank accounts. There is also a need to have conversations with the men in their family to establish that connection. It’s quite difficult and undertaking. But we are doing it slowly.

On her future assignments:

I will be working with my partner on a project. He is a writer. And so that’s gonna be a pretty long time. It’s gonna be a very very long time project. I realise that lots of stories we want to tell are not just about the misconceptions among people but misconceptions of what’s happening to our planet. I just want to say that I totally agree with the points about being a woman journalist and getting women on those roles to tell stories because a lot of these stories wouldn’t have been told if it weren’t a woman leading it’s charge. So it’s incredibly important because, it’s really difficult especially when the gatekeepers are all often predators. How is a woman supposed to get into a strong career position when people like these are at the gates. These men who, you would likely be blacklisted if you had to call them out. It’s very important that their own unions to speak up and going through the challenges of getting into whichever career. In regards of the future, I decided that I am no longer going to work independently as a woman because I found that very very challenging for obvious reasons so I am gonna be working with my partner or with a small team. I just try to tell stories which won’t get into the mainstream because they just are not of interest. We believe that, if we independently do it we know how important these stories are and how much people enjoy reading them and engaging these topics. So people might not be saying yes to us when we propose it. But we certainly they will look after it. You know, how saying yes to something is tricky when you haven’t seen it.

*In conversation with Mr. Muhammed Noushad (Writer, Translator and Documentary Film Maker)

After the issues of climate change and global warming now one of the most important issue in the world is xenophobia. It means dislike of prejudice against people from other countries. The emergence of the political parties BJP in India as compared to Trump in America and other european fundamentalists. Because it is connected in some aspects. Most of the countries face the refugee crisis like migration very harmfully, Europe and other Western countries. Even in India refugee crisis is still a serious matter. Refugees are coming from different places.  In one hand we can say that there is immense damage by War and civil war and terrorism, in other hand it causes the emergence of right wing political movements. This is a very sad situation. The idea of positive realism which people like Emily doing a significant role in it. Because storytelling is one of the way to change the world if you want to change a world we living, we need to change the stories. Iam Also more curious about the abrahamic path which is another venture Emily is part of that project.

second coming of BJP and things like article 370, CAA, NIA, UAPA affect our country negatively, Many people of Kashmir, Muslims in Assam all these peoples are slow genocide.  We need to tell the world that this may happen just like happened the jues in Poland, Germany and the entire Europe. when Hitler has a power and his ruling time. We have to  stop genocide. Journalism and media has very important role in this area. And also other fictional narratives like film, for example in Bollywood film industry, recently there is several movies that focusing Muslim barriers from history are randomly pick and showed as villains. Whatever it is padmaavat, Tanhaji. This is happening in coincidence with the emergence of right wing politics in India. We need to have a story or story strategic tool  that share to the world. In that aspect positive realism that Emily is trying to show immensely beautiful.

*In conversation with Ms. Shahida A*

(Head of the Department, Journalism and Mass Communication, MES Kalladi College, Mannarkkad)

Miss shahida A, head of Journalism Mass Communication department MES college Kalladi also chaired on this international webinar and she delivered her views and idea about women representation in media mainly she depict about the challenges faced by women while came to media and illiteracy among indian woman.

*In conversation with Ms. Shonima Govindan*

(Head of the Department, Department of Biochemistry, SIAS)

There are so many remarkable photographers out there here currently. At a time we can see that all types of shots in our gallery,  for modelling, photography will be in front of us, you have the total control over the light and the subject., also the product photography, food photography, etc we can decide when to click there is a chance for modifying your photos over and over. but wildlife photography is entirely different none of the animals will poss for you when inquired for posing. We have zero control over the subject so we have to be patient we have to wait for days to get a perfect movement and click.we should have deep knowledge of animals and good planning to shoot. Wildlife photography makes gives us a wonderful experience. We might not able to have food on time. We have to put our life in many dangerous circumstances, where we are prone to an animal attack. But a Thoughtful click at the perfect movement will give your  worth of our patience and strangles a perfect photo detail a story it is frozen memory portrait in a picture.

*In conversation with Ms. Husna Latheef* (Research Scholor)

Husna Latheef a journalism graduate, who was the one among the pannel shared her personal experiences as a media person in Kerala and the difference in other states of India. She said that it is really different in other states to face the society as an Islamic women working in the media feild. She Expressed her views on islamophobia, the representation of women in the media feild and also the way the got support from her family. As a women who work in a media firm, she had an opinion that the attitude towards the women is getting better when compared to other states. And she concluded by saying that in inia 90% of media is under a particular ideology and they only disseminate misrepresentation about women in certain community.

Prepared by,

Aiswarya Shyambabu

Aiswarya Rajeev

Aswin V

Shabna Yousaf

Sruthi Sasidharan

Never back down: A Feast For Action Lovers

Never back down is a 2008 martial arts action movie written and directed by Jeff Wadlow. This movie is about a cantankerous school student and how his life altered by learning sports. Sean Faris acts as Jake who is the protagonist of the movie. He is an American actor, model and producer. Amber Heard plays heroine namely Baja Miller and Dimon Hounsou appears as one of the martial arts teachers. Cam Gigandet plays the role of grudgeful character Ryan Mccarthy.

Coming to the story, One day in college, Jake (protagonist) becomes weird at the ground while playing. He gets provoked and tends to fight with his peer group resulting in getting suspended. Saddened and compelled by the happenings, his family shifts to another town and Jack joins another School. He feels uncomfortable about the new school and most of the time he is alone. One fine day evening, when Jack was heading back home, all of a sudden he notices a group of martial arts students leaving an impression in him.

The next day students of his college get a video of Jack’s fight in the playground where he studied earlier. As the video went viral within the College, Jack develops fame and everybody comes to know about him. Later, Jake goes to a party where he is unwillingly pulled into a fight with the MMA champion at the school, Ryan McCarthy. He gets defeated in front of everyone and later compelled to stay at his home and take rest. His friend Max Looperman then gives him the idea of learning mixed martial arts. He introduces Jake to a good martial arts teacher too. He was advised to suppress his anger and stay calm. His anger must be controlled and utilized for the sake of aggressive appearance during fights. This makes a mesmerising change in him.

IMG-20200503-WA0129The martial arts in the movie is combined with boxing skills. It poses more depth in emotional scenes. The reason this movie sticks to me so much is because it is capable of motivating us. We sometimes need a push to go through hard times and this movie is what I prefer. Never Back Down can motivate us to do a new level of competitive training every time. The editing of the movie needs to be appreciated. It is characterized by giving a fast pace cuts for action sequences and lengthy shots for setting emotional backdrop. For an action movie, the skills of actors to perform are inevitable. But what more significant is the skill of the director and technical team to present it. This is where Never Back Down wins.

The film poses a happy ending leaving days devoid of problems. The film is a feast for action lovers. It communicates with us that even terrible nature and misdeeds in one will get alchemized to goodness if we have the right one to teach us. A good teacher is entitled to discover goodness in his students. Mentor led Jake to figure out that his anger can be used in martial arts to appear stronger and aggressive.

Shani  Sherin

Vocabulary In The Period Of Corona

 

On the early days of 2020, we heard a word that was coronavirus. The first time we hear it and now that word turned to the part of our life, we hear that word on a daily basis now. On one hand, corona had made a pause to our normal life and it leads to high economical issues. The whole world facing a tragical period, on the other hand, corona had taught us lots of new words or words that we don’t use. But now that words are most important and normal to us.
The words created by corona were novel, Coronavirus, Covid 19, quarantine, self-quarantine, home quarantine, isolation, social distancing, incubation period, symptomatic, herd immunity, lockdown, curfew, reverse quarantine etc. Some of these are discussed below within the frame of the corona.

Novel: a novel means anything that new, young, fresh, unusual, unique etc. In the case of the corona the virus that made infectious the world is new, fresh and unique. Because of which we used term novel along with corona.

Coronavirus: it is a family of viruses that transmit between animal and people, that lead to illness and diseases like a normal cold, fever, cough etc.
It is also is known as novel coronavirus because it was a new coronavirus that doesn’t see before. That family had a different type of viruses. Even now the virus had changed many times in biologically. China faced L shaped coronavirus but that doesn’t match to virus reported in India.

IMG-20200430-WA0052

Covid 19: an infectious disease caused by a coronavirus, that effected in china on the last of 2019 that’s why it called as COVID 19.

Quarantine: its the state of restriction on the movement of anything that maybe people, animal etc. That quarantine may include many types or we used it in different terms. That is,
Self-quarantine who quarantine them self for safe others.
Home quarantine: it also a part of quarantine which means quarantine in the home.

Isolation: it means away from others or being alone. In the present situation, isolation is used for isolating the symptomatic for the incubation period. Which means that person note allowed to make close contact with anyone.

Social distancing: its the safe or approximate distance amount should keep between people. This term was much more connected to us live this situation teach us to keep at least 2meter distance with anyone

Incubation period: its the period that had taken for infection of any disease. The current scenario that incubation period termed as 14 days.

Symptomatic: which means being shown any symptoms of a particular disease. Normal cough, cold, fever etc are considered as the symptoms of novel coronavirus or COVID 19

IMG-20200430-WA0051Herd immunity: its the resistance to the particular disease. Immunity power much more related to COVID 19.

Lockdown: the situation in which people are not allowed to freely enter and leaving. Now the whole world almost on the same stage was no one is allowed to lead a public life.

Curfew: its an order during that time some regulations apply, particularly stay home which was announced by public authority. For the first time, India had experienced a curfew were by the whole states in India followed the order of a public authority.

Reverse quarantine: its a practice were aged people, babies and other diseased persons not allowed for the normal life and the others can live a normal life with some safety measures.

Increase in our vocabulary may good for us but the situation that leads to this not much good for state or country. The whole world was waiting for the abolition of the corona, let it happen suddenly.

Sruthi kk

Ambedkar: A Voice For The Voiceless

Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar movie is directed by Jabbar Patel which goes through the strong statements against the casteism in India and his views about the political equality of Dalits. The movie tells about the great life history of Dr BR Ambedkar, the architect of the Indian constitution. The movie goes through certain periods of his life and his tremendous efforts for the social uplifting of the untouchables.

The struggle taken by Ambedkar to abolish the cast system in India was portrayed from the beginning of the movie. He made his thesis related to the cast system in India , as he was studied economics in Colombia university. Even after he moved to London for his higher studies in law, he was haunted by the inner conflicts about the worsening situation in India and the injustice towards Dalit by higher cast society.

The movie also goes through the emotional phases of Ambedkar life. He had faced many loses in his life which was truly tragical. The first layer of the movie shows the deep struggles he had been made against social discrimination towards Dalits.
As the title of his biweekly publication says he was a voice for the voiceless, “Mookanayak”.

IMG-20200426-WA0002The movie also contend with many historical situations. The ideological incompatibility between Gandhi and Ambedkar is clearly pictured in the movie. In the scene of round table conference in London, both claimed that they were the real representatives of untouchables. Gandhi doesn’t countenance Ambedkar’s argument for a separate electorate for the untouchables and said that ” I would far rather that Hinduism died than that untouchability lived’. The Poona pact sequences, that is an agreement between B. R. Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi on behalf of depressed classes and upper-caste Hindu leaders on the reservation of electoral seats for the depressed classes in the legislature of British India government made a huge impact to the movie.

IMG-20200426-WA0001The movie is repleted with assorted controversial sequences and Gandhi is portrayed as a customary politician and the movie asserts that he was against the ideology of Ambedkar’s view of Dalit politics. The movie wraps the whole life span of Dr.Br Ambedkar from his childhood to his conversion to Buddhism.

Mammooty who is one of the finest actors in India ,who played the role of Dr.Ambedkar. Obviously, he just lives on the screen as Ambedkar. It was a top-noteable and remarkable performance from the greatest actor. The sharp details he gave to the character like body language, gestures, facial expressions, attitudes were truly appreciable and the makers had made a clear observation in the entire casting of the movie.

The making of the movie must be challenging to the crew for rebuilding the pre-independent India and the old structures of the main cities like Pune, Bombay, Kolkata as well as villages. The art department and production design team had done a fine job in an international standard.

The lengthy sequences are the highlights of the movie especially the speech scenes which makes a great impact among the audience.
The movie breaks the stereotypical making pattern of Bollywood movies that is the movie only goes thorough the true events which are remarked in Indian history.

IMG-20200418-WA0000The movie was initially released in 2000 and slowly withdrawn from the social platforms. This consternation to the movie is cleary point outs to a political agenda which is made by various communalist lobby.

The movie has a substantial space in Indian cinema history as well as in Indian political history. In the current scenario of India, in which the Dalits still confronts discriminations from the society as well as from the authorities, the movie has great liability to persuade people to be a voice for the voiceless.

Vishnu M Ramakrishnan

Cracking The Voice Of Words

 

Tarun Kumar Acharya(29), a stringer of Odia TV channel Kanak TV, was on his way to home in Khallikote town of Ganjam district on May 27, 2014, night when a few assailants stopped his motorcycle and slit his throat. He died on the spot. The incident happened close to the Khallikote police station. He is survived by his wife, a 10-month-old daughter and old parents.

Though police initially suspected the brother-in-law of Acharya — Milu Acharya — to be behind the murder, they finally managed to track the mastermind, Prusty, an owner of a cashew-nut processing factory. The police, however, could arrest only one of the three of Prusty’s accomplices who were entrusted with the task of bumping off Acharya.

Few days before the murder, Acharya had published a news report in Odia daily Sambad about child labourers being employed at Prusty’s cashew-nut processing factory in Khallikote. Both the deceased and the mastermind had old rivalries over trivial issues. After Acharya turned a stringer with Kanak TV during the Lok Sabha elections, he had reportedly threatened Prusty. He reportedly used to abuse Prusty over the mobile phone.

IMG_20200424_201226When the news of child labourer being employed was published, Prusty saw it as an attempt by Acharya to finish off his business prospects. He was growing restive and wanted to teach a lesson to his old rival,” Ganjam SP Ashish Kumar Singh told The Indian Express.

Soon after the report was published in the newspaper, a hassled Prusty confided his growing problems with Acharya before three of his friends.

“They assured Prusty that Acharya would be cut to size. They were paid Rs 50,000 and three new SIM cards for the murder. The day before the murder the trio, who killed the journalist, stayed in an IB where they dined and got drunk. The next morning they started tracking Acharya’s movements. On May 27 evening, one of the killers called the journalist over the phone and spoke to him for 25 seconds,” said Singh.

An hour later, the three followed Acharya on two motorcycles as he made his way home, finally catching up with him less than 100 metres away from Khallikote police station.

“One of them hit Acharya’s motorcycle from behind. As he fell down, one of them slashed his neck with a knife. The blade tore through Acharya’s windpipe, instantly killing him,” a police official in charge of the investigation said.

IMG_20200424_200550The three were not even professional killers or else they would have taken a country-made revolver or something like that, available so easily in southern Orissa. It was Acharya’s misfortune that the knife struck his windpipe.”

After the murder, the trio fled to Berhampur town, without knowing that the journalist had died. As TV channels and newspapers started reporting the case next morning, the trio switched off their phones. But with the police chasing the cousins of the journalists, named in the FIR, they again switched on their mobile phones thinking that police were on a blind chase.

The cops even interrogated Prusty, the cashew nut processing factory owner, but were not convinced over the theory that he could kill the journalist over a small news report. Police were also veering to the conclusion that the journalist’s cousin, Milu Acharya was the main mastermind, as he had fled his home soon after the murder.

Unable to get any clues a week after the murder, the cops then started scanning the call records of the deceased journalist, more particularly the calls made in the last 2-3 hours before the murder. All the calls made to the journalist’s mobile were checked, but one of the phones was always switched off.

Indian authorities must thoroughly investigate the murder of Tarun Kumar Acharya, efficiently prosecute the case, and hold those responsible to account. It is imperative to bring the masterminds behind this murder to justice in order to combat the culture of impunity that persists in India.
Labeeba binth Latheef

AARAN’ Offers Moments that Deserve Applause

 

Building an atmosphere of panic and ambiguity in films are made possible through ingenious shot constructions. AARAN directed by Thanseem NK, released in Youtube a couple of days back has managed to accomplish this with ease. The film is brought up by SIAS MEDIA SCHOOL and Black Pepper Media. The first few minutes of AARAN is nerve-racking. A man is being chased, attacked and tied up by another one in an isolated street at night. What the attacker has got to do next and why he suppose to do that is unfolded and told subsequently.

IMG-20200422-WA0053As the name suggests, the protagonist is introduced here as a man from nowhere. His acts are curious and what more curious about himself is revealed at the end. In that sense, Aaran introduces us a stubborn man who is determined to take up revenge to every single mid deed happened to him in day to day life. The actor who played the psychic protagonist, Naheem Kakkad deserves to be mentioned for his controlled performance.

The running time of AARAN is about ten minutes. Though it is short in terms of duration compared to feature films, earning audience attention, keeping them entertained and hooked up is not an easy task. This is where team AARAN deserves many appraisals. The narrative is characterised by keeping the audience engaged with ‘why?’ and ‘what’s next?’.

The story or content of the short movie might be debatable, but the team’s conviction in the technical aspect of making should be uncompromisingly acknowledged. Night shots were qualitatively filmed and crafted. It is notable that the cinematography, as well as editing of the movie, is done by the director himself. The background score has played an inevitable role in the acceptance of AARAAN as a whole. Vishnu Das succeeded in creating and maintaining the mood whether it be – tension, thrill or humour, as the situation demands.

DSLR film making has revolutionized and as well as democratized the platform of cinema. It enabled people to conceive their thoughts, within a possible monetary limit.
Aaron may not be perfect. But as said by the maker itself, it is definitely a pit-stop in his journey with obsessive passion and aspiration towards cinema.

Aswin v Ravindran

Upgrading the Nature with Virus

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The world has been in lockdown because of the coronavirus. Vehicles are removed from the road. There are many people stay at home. This time the ozone layer was developing and the holes are cleaned. The spreading of CFC Gas had stopped because of lockdown.
Hopefully, the heat will come down. Of the CFC door Excessive use has caused the rupture of the ozone layer.

The city of Italy is scaring us because of Corona. But the news from the capital city is different: the roads are dominated by wild animals. We can see deer and rabbit on the roads. It is a comeback in nature.
World countries are wondering how to escape the rapidly spreading of Covid. China first imposed total restrictions on coronary areas over security. Coronavirus infects China in mid-January. China shut down 15 cities in Hubei province, including Wuhan. Flights and trains cancelled. The government asked people in other Chinese cities to stay home. People were allowed to go out only to buy food and medicine. After two months of restrictions, China has not completely recovered from the COVID. The number of new infections in China reached its highest level on January 25. It was just two days after the city of Wuhan closed. According to the World Health Organization, as of March 16, about 81,000 cases were reported in China. Scientists estimate that many cases have gone unreported. However, experts say China’s plans have worked out well. Wuhan officials responded slowly in the first days of the virus outbreak in December and January. A total of 80,796 people were infected with the disease in China. 3169 people have died. In recent days, however, the number of patients has come down drastically. China, the epicentre of the COVID-19 virus, was most affected. The virus has spread to the Chinese economy. Only single numbers of new COVID cases are currently reported in China. Previously it was a thousand and two thousand every day. No single death was reported in the past few days. On January 7th, WHO announced that a new virus, called the novel coronavirus, was spreading in China. By then, the virus had spread to tens of thousands in China. The first Corona death on January 11, the 61-year-old who visited the Seafood Market in Wuhan. The coronavirus had left Wuhan and had reached many countries by then. Wuhan is a coastal city in China. A transit hub with much connection to the rest of the world. Wuhan is home to about one core people. It is the seventh-largest city in China And the most populous city in China. A transit hub with over 10 highways and rail tracks. An important industrial city of China. Wuhan, with its many higher education institutions, had about seven lakh students. No one in Wuhan was allowed to leave the city. The city of Wuhan is accessible to all four sides of China and to all parts of the world. All this was shut down by the Chinese government. The best weapon was the application of technology. The most important of these is the Kovid 19 app. People were asked to download the app on their mobile phones. Not just the names of those affected by the corona. Their travels, the vehicles they ride, and the shopping centres they ride. China has collected millions of data using artificial intelligence and machine data. The government leaked all social media and mobile information. Using this data, we were able to understand all of the information in contact with patients. An employee of a shopping mall in Wuhan confirmed that the corona was infected. As soon as it is confirmed, the mobile information of the thousands of people who visited the mall reaches the government server at the same time. The government immediately converts these thousands to isolation. China’s actions were so fast and fast.

Death rate increasing in the world the virus was started in China, but this time its spreading all over the world .Some scientist was said that this is a bioweapon. And US has the highest death rate in the world. the over all death rate in world is upto one lakh . The death rate and virus spread is increasing day by day. In the case of India, Maharashtra state has the highest positive reports and The death rate in Maharashtra increasing day by day.

In this corona time people can donate money for state and Central Governments, actors ,non governmental organization and others have donated money for relief work. The government officials give the money in their salary that was goodness. But this time some online media spreading hate speech, communal harassment and others.
In this Corona quarantine period the world we live in a life of minimum exposure in everything. Minimum numbers of motor vehicles in the road, minimum number of factories are working, minimum number of celebrations, minimum number of festivals etc. Still we are alive. We can live a life like this. This how we want a life in future for the betterment of the nature and environment.
“Minimum quantity with maximum use” this is the motto we want to follow in upcoming days.

Mohammed Naseef.p

Sepak Takraw: A Different Game

Sepak Takraw is a volleyball-like game that originated in Southeast Asia. The word sepak Takraw’s literal meaning is ‘Kick Ball’, 3 players compete against their opposition on a volleyball style court with a net across the middle. It differs from the similar sport of footvolley in its use of a rattan ball. In Indonesia,
Malaysia and Singapore, it is called sepak takraw. In Malaysia, it is also known as sepak raga.

The History:
The origins of sepak takraw remains a matter of intense debate in Southeast Asia, as several countries proudly claim it as their own. There is, however, some agreement that the game was introduced to Southeast Asia through commercial contact with China, where an ancient form of the game originated. It is believed that many variations of the game evolved from an ancient Chinese military exercise, where soldiers would try to keep a feathered shuttlecock airborne by kicking it back and forth between two or more people. As the sport developed, the animal hide and chicken feathers were eventually replaced by balls made of woven strips of rattan.
Rules of speak chakra
* Games of Sepak Takraw shall be played by two teams of three players
* Games should be played on a court that fits the regulation size and markings as set out by   ITSAF, with an official Sepak Takraw ball.
* The team to serve first is decided by a coin toss before the match commences.
* Play begins when the server is thrown the ball by a teammate and must then kick the ball over the net whilst keeping one foot in the service circle.
* Players may only touch the ball with their feet, head, knees and chest.
* Touching the ball with the hand or any other part of the body can result in a fault and a point for the opposition.
* Each team is allowed a maximum of three touches of the ball to return it back over the net without letting it touch the ground.
* Failure to return the ball over the nett before it hits the ground results in a point to the opposition.
In India
Sepak takraw is not very well known in India, although it was a demonstration sport at the Delhi Asian Games in 1982. The Sepak Takraw Federation with its headquarters in Nagpur, Maharashtra, was founded on 10 September 1982. It is recognized by the Indian Olympic Association and Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports since 2000. So far, the Federation has conducted 14 Senior, seven Junior, and six Sub-Junior National Championships in different cities and is also conducting Federation Cup Tournament and zonal National Championship.
The game is very popular in the northeastern state of Manipur and some of the best players hail from there. In the 22nd King’s Cup International Sepak Takraw Tournament held at Bangkok, the India men’s team lost in the semifinals and claimed bronze in the team event. In the doubles event, the women’s team lost in the semifinals but won bronze medals.
India won the first medal in Sepak Takraw in Asian Games. India grabbed bronze at the men’s team regu Sepak Takraw competition at the 2018 Asian Games held at Ranau Sports Hall, Palembang, Indonesia from 19 to 22 August 2018.
SUMMARY JASMIN

An art, provides energy to body and mind

Dragon Kung Fu is a special kind of martial art which is entirely different from Karate, Aikido, Judo, Kendo, and Kenpo. By hearing the word ‘Kung fu’ in Dragon Kung fu, there is a chance for the deception that it is something poise to Shaolin, TAI Chi Quan, Wing Chun Quran, Bajiquan, and so on. But Dragon Kung fu is entirely different from other Kung fu and it has more specifications than any other martial arts.

The origin of Dragon Kung fu is a mystic and no one knows the actual story behind the history and origin of this martial art. It is said that Mr Abdul Rasheed Master was the man who introduced Dragon Kung fu in Kerala. He was a temple trained acrobat and no one has an idea about from where and how did he achieve this. He then taught Dragon Kung fu to the number of people across Kerala by taking many years.

Dragon Kung fu is not only a martial art but also it is the high life. It arouses the subconscious mind of the performer. Rather than fighting techniques, Dragon Kung fu can control over one’s mind through hypnotism, astral projection so on.

Attacking and defending, the themes and theories and treatment are the three aspects of Dragon Kung fu. The beginners first trained to attack the opponent and to defend. Kung fu has so many theories on science and psychology. It also teaches how to treat with medicine or with psychological treatment. The person who makes out these aspects will only be an original Kung fu practitioner. Meditation is the base of Dragon Kung fu. It helps one to identify the power of their subconscious mind and the one who meditates can only balance the attacking from the opponent.

Dragon Kung fu is differentiated into 46 chambers. The speciality of these chambers are the coming chambers will cover all the techniques we had studies in the previous chambers. The fighting in Dragon Kung fu starts from 7th chamber (boxing chamber). In the 7th chamber, the movements of hands are similar to boxing and the one who studied the 7th chamber will never get an attack on the face. Then comes 8th chamber (king chamber/Eagle chamber), it minimises all the fighting techniques of the 7th chamber and the one who enters into the 8th chamber will lose his/her confidence level as it washes out all the techniques in the 7th chamber.

Weapons practise in Dragon Kung Fu will start from the 2nd chamber. The whirling and rounding of the stick is the initial stage of weapon training then sanjak(weapon consist of two sticks connected at one end by a short chain or rope) in 12th chamber and Kobudo (16 feet stick) in 16th chamber then comes the practice of knives, sword and stars in different chambers.

Dragon Kung fu teaches many spiritual powers. Astral projection is one such interesting power. It’s a kind of self-hypnotism with the help of meditation, one can leave their soul from the body and can travel anywhere and come back to the body whenever needed. Through astral projection, one can communicate with the soul of the people whether they are alive or dead.

In short Dragon Kung fu is a traditional martial art with 5000 years of legacy. Though it has so many peculiarities among other martial arts the main drawback of this art is it didn’t get much recognition compared to Shaolin Kung fu and others.

LABEEBA.

The hardest imprisonment: Being a prisoner

Once Dalai Lama said that  ” Peace can only last where human rights are respected, where the people are fed and where individuals and nations are free“.
Each and every human being got birth in the same way. So rights should be the same to all.

The Indian Constitution guarantees six main fundamental rights to Indian citizens which includes

(i) right to equality,

(ii) right to freedom,

(iii) right against exploitation

, (iv) right to freedom of religion,

(v) cultural and educational rights, and (vi) right to constitutional remedies.

      Prisoners have their own Rights even though they are criminals. They are not getting these rights olden days the life of prisoners life are so pity   But now there was a slight change for it.
Earlier,  the whole Freedom was banded inside the society were Locked in the cell haring getting the basic needs. And had faced a lot of problems like cruel and unusual punishments, Bad health condition, the spread of disease, physical and mental harassment etc. And it led to having stress inside their mind.
Even though most prisoners are criminals,  but they are human beings.
Nowadays the number of death in prison custody has been increased. Most of the death is only because of the physical punishment from the jail guard and the police. Only the same number of natural death is happening to an aged person only because of serious illness.

The prisoners are committing suicide in jail because of thinking about the future.
On 23rd December 2018 a prisoner named Omar Christ has committed suicide in Chavakkad jail,  24 August 2018 a lady prisoner named Soumya has committed suicide in Kannur central jail and on September 12th, 2017 Banty chor had tried to commit suicide and on September 18th 2016. A murder case criminal  Ramkumar committed suicide in prison etc.

   Some times prisoners face physical and mental harassments from other prisoners as well as jail warden.
Imprisonment may for only months or for years or for life long by banning freedom.

          As the prisoners are also human, they have the right to life, Right to be free of inhuman and prisoners have to be provided water health care and a legal advisor. And Constitution is also providing the right like:

>Right to an attorney to defend himself, protect from torture, violence and racial harassment.

>Prisoners should be treated with their dignity and valued as a human being.

>No discrimination on the ground of race, sex   Color, religion, political National,  social organization, property,  birth or another status.

          According to 1894 The prison Act,   >Accommodation and sanitary conditions for prisoners.
>Provision relating to Mentel and the physical state of prisoners.
> Examination of prisoners by a qualified medical officer. >Separation of prisoners for male,  female with criminal, civil prisoners, Parole and temporary release are there.

         In India, the government is granting free parole and release for any prisoner on Independence Day as freedom. As like in India their where Jail in Gulf countries their punishments are very strict and prisoners are hanging in Gulf countries. The punishment and the freedom and the right to prisoners are comparatively harder than India.
If a prisoner is released from jail, society will consider him/his as a criminal. The society will not consider them.
Article 21 states that: Prisoners have the right to have protective homes, free legal aid, speedy trial, right against cruel and unusual punishments, right live with human dignity, Right to meet friends and family in jail and right to reasonable wage in jail for work.

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